Normal Anatomy of Foot
The foot and ankle is a complex joint involved in movement and providing stability and balance to the body. The foot and ankle consists of 26 bones, 33 joints, and many muscles, tendons and ligaments
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Bunion is a foot deformity that changes the shape of the foot causing the big toe to turn inward, towards the second toe leading to pain and inflammation. A bunion is caused by incorrect footwear, joint damage, arthritis, and genetic disposition.
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Common Toe Deformities
Toes are the digits in your foot and are associated with walking, providing balance, weight-bearing and other activities. A variety of toe deformities occur in children's feet.
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Plantar fasciitis is a common problem that causes pain under the heel bone often with a lengthy walk and prolonged standing. It is most often seen in middle-aged men and women. Plantar fascia is a thick band of tissue that lies at the bottom of the foot. It runs from the heel bone to the toe and forms the arch of the foot. The plantar fascia functions as a shock absorber and supports the arch of the foot.
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The foot has 26 bones, and can be divided into 3 parts:
The Hindfoot is comprised of two bones, the talus bone which connects to the bones of the lower leg, and the calcaneus bone which forms the heel.
The Midfoot is comprised of the navicular, cuboid, and three cuneiform bones.
The forefoot is made up of five metatarsal bones and 14 toe bones called phalanges.
The hindfoot is separated from the midfoot by the mediotarsal joint and the midfoot is separated from the forefoot by the Lisfranc joint.
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Cartiva is an implant that replaces damaged cartilage in a joint and is used to treat arthritic conditions such as hallux rigidus causing pain and rigidity of the big toe joint. The procedure treats pain while preserving mobility. Polyvinyl alcohol, the material used for this implant, has been safely used as a medical device for many years. It has properties similar to that of cartilage, making it ideal. Unlike, joint replacements which require revision or fusion which limits mobility, Cartiva implants show good, long lasting results with no functional limitations. In a recent 5-year follow-up study, 96% of patients having undergone the procedure showed significant pain reduction, durability, mobility and satisfaction. Your doctor will perform a thorough evaluation and discuss the suitability of this procedure for you.
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Minimally Invasive Achilles Tendon Repair using Arthrex Knotless PARS technique
The Achilles tendon at the back of the ankle joins the calf muscles to the heel bone. It is essential for normal gait and other functions. Rupture of the Achilles tendon can occur during sports or recreational activities. It often involves the middle of the tendon or the non-insertional region. Such ruptures are usually treated surgically, but can have poor outcomes due to wound complications and infection.
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Syndesmosis Surgery Without The Tightrope
The ankle is made up of the tibia and fibula bones of the lower leg, and the talus bone of the foot. They are held together by ligaments, which provide strength and stability during movement.
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